Violence threats dating
Threat assessment and management is a methodology refined initially by United States governmental entities such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the U. The need for and functions of TAM teams are summarized in a Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education and “Campus Threat Assessment and Management Teams: What Risk Managers Need to Know Now.” Yet despite the widespread recognition that threat assessment management is a time-tested and effective process for dealing with various forms of potential interpersonal violence on campuses and in other settings, higher education institutions often use their threat assessment capacity only in cases that involve potential mass violence scenarios.And administrators, faculty and staff often do not involve the institution’s threat assessment team when concerns are reported.The article and reports summarize well the events surrounding the murder of Mc Cluskey and how the university responded to those events, and we don’t seek to further analyze those events and the response.
In 2014, the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security and Campus Crime Statistics Act, or Clery Act, was amended to require covered colleges and universities to address reports of dating violence, domestic violence and stalking through disciplinary procedures that are generally the same as those used to respond to reports of sexual assault.
It is worth noting that one of reasons a California court ruled in December to advance a student-on-student violence case toward a jury trial was that there was at least an issue of fact as to whether the university should have referred a student assailant’s case to its violence prevention team.
According to the court, that team “could have then conducted a formal threat assessment and recommended interventions that would have mitigated the threat [the alleged perpetrator] posed to students.” Colleges have the opportunity to encourage widespread knowledge of and reporting to their threat assessment and management teams. No one reported information about the Mc Cluskey matter to the university’s Office of Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action, which handles sexual assault, IPV and stalking cases.
We hope this discussion of common challenges and opportunities will help colleges and universities to adopt practices to deal most effectively with cases of intimate partner violence and stalking -- starting with the creation of threat assessment and management teams. Nolan is the chair of the education practice group at Dinse, PC, and a senior consultant with Sigma Threat Management Associates.
He consults with, represents and does training and investigations for colleges and universities throughout the United States on issues including Title IX/Clery Act compliance and threat assessment.